The uneasiness which the Commission has encountered among thoughtful observers and officials arises largely from their own perceptions that the present response, although massive, has so far been relatively ineffective.
The Commission has not attempted to devise utopian policy recommendations. The use of a variety of new mood altering drugs to cope with stress is undoubtedly a, significant social development, particularly among women.
Beginning with increased Chinese immigration after the Civil War, the practice of smoking opium took root on the West Coast and spread rapidly across the country to most urban areas. On the one hand, the law may deter indiscrete use and continued use of a prohibited drug.
Continued use of this termwith its emotional overtones, will serve only to perpetuate confused public attitudes about drug-using behavior.
Finally, an understanding of the social impact of drug use must also include the impact on the normative social order. Public policy had the appearance of coherence once again.
Smaller percentages of the populace have also violated the law by trying hallucinogens such as LSD, cocaine or heroin. Drug use, in one form or another, has been a common feature of most cultures throughout history.
Although the narcotic ideology was quickly abandoned, many official pronouncements continued to link marihuana with the opiates because of their association in the law and to insist that marihuana was a "dangerous drug" even if it was not a "narcotic.
The average marijuana extract contains more than 50 percent THC, with some samples exceeding 80 percent. Individual drugs vary widely in toxicity, in tolerance and in psychological effect.
When the, "dangerous drugs" were brought under regulatory control inenforcement responsibility was assigned to a new bureau in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. This same kind of educational effort has been directed at the illicit drugs with no apparent impact on behavior.
Angell stated he was able to obtain internal FBI data which shows not only have marijuana arrests gone up but someone is arrested for marijuana once every 48 seconds. Furthermore, not everyone who is arrested has committed the crime for which he or she was arrested.
Yet, any challenge to the basic premises of policy may be viewed by some as a disavowal of the entire social response.
Reinforcement for continued use is strengthened by non-drug factors. Most societies have institutionalized at least one form of drug-induced mood alteration; only the drugs differ, not the essential purpose.
The major concern from the standpoint of individual health is the effect of repeated administration of the drug over a long term, rather than the acute effect of the drug experience.
If ever there were a time this country wakes up to the horrid atrocity that is the drug war—it is now. Arrests of those ages 10 to 17 accounted for Not surprisingly, debate on the marihuana issue was often couched in terms of the statutory vocabulary which has come to symbolize drug policy.
Most of the arrests are possession based and juveniles are mostly on the receiving end. Instead of assuming that mood alteration through some drugs is inherently objectionable, while similar use of others is not, the public and its leaders must focus directly on the appropriate role of drug induced mood alteration.
However, households are kept in the survey even if the occupants change. NORML Political Director Justin Strekal claims the actions by police are immoral and feed the pork belly politics associated with cannabis arrests, Actions by law enforcement run counter to both public support and basic morality…In a day and age where twenty percent of the population lives in states which have legalized and nearly every state has some legal protections for medical cannabis or its extract, the time for lawmakers to end this senseless and cruel prohibition that ruins lives.
To harmonize this judgment with approved conduct, we avoid analyzing the motivations of similar behaviors. This procedure results in less serious crimes being undercounted by arrest statistics and a lack of information on the circumstances surrounding the crime.
A new documentary series that just hit Netflix can help us see some of the more absurd contours of the drug war. But for those who use cannabis for their ailments, the increased rates of arrests will likely be viewed with angst, as well as bewilderment.
However, under the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitutionfederal law preempts conflicting state and local laws. Snyder contends that this tendency to offend in groups makes arrest statistics an inappropriate measure of the relative proportion of crime attributed to young people.
Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. It is presumed that presentation of information regarding dangers and risks can quiet curiosity and the desire for anticipated pleasant psychological sensations, the factors which account for most individual drug experiences.
American drug policy will never be coherent until it is founded on uniform principles such as these, which apply to all drugs.
The many resources used in the arrests of this good substance could be used to curb other types of crime. On the other hand, very heavy use of phenacitin, which has no significant behavioral impact at all, may produce renal damage, and heavy tobacco smoking is associated with greatly increased risk of lung cancer.
However, the Commission believes that such considerations often have been overemphasized in the process of defining the problem. A drug has no effect until it interacts with an organism.
Terry and Pellens, This phenomenon of medically-based opiate use was largely invisible and was not a matter of major concern outside the medical profession for several decades. The court systems and probation programs made up of lawyers, DAs, and drug testing companies, also benefit financially for such arrests and convictions.
While very few question that persons compulsively using drugs are in need of some form of therapeutic assistance, the same is rarely true for the experimental and recreational user. The people arrested and put in jail for weeks and even months are frequently there for drug possession and use without any sort of additional criminal activity.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! The United States has focused its efforts on the criminalization of drug use. The government has, The act restricted the manufacture and sale of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and morphine. The War on Drugs.
Whether the two-year increase in marijuana arrests will continue for remains to seen. Despite the United States’s harsh penalties for cannabis use, our rate of cannabis consumption is the highest in the world.
According to federal estimates, as much as 33% of the California population uses marijuana. Sep 26, · In there werearrests for marijuana offenses in the United States according to the federal Uniform Crime Reporting Program, producing an arrest rate of perpopulation.
In drug arrests were % of the total of all arrests reported to the FBI; bydrug arrests had risen to % of all arrests. Click on the chart to view the data.
Source: FBI, Uniform Crime Reports, Crime in the United States, annually.Download